ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
The Protective Effect of Cortexin on Cisplatin-Induced Ototoxicity
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Fırat University School of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey  
2 Department of Histology and Embryology, Fırat University School of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 27-33
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2017.3825
Key Words: Cisplatin, cortexin, ototoxicity
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to evaluate whether cortexin provides any protective activity against ototoxicity of cisplatin.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: The study was performed on 30 healthy adult Wistar Albino rats, and rats were randomly divided into three groups of ten. Group I (Control group) was given intraperitoneal (ip) saline solution 1 mL/day. Group II (Cisplatin group) was given ip cisplatin for 2 days at doses of 10 mg/kg. Group III (Cisplatin + Cortexin group) was given ip cisplatin for 2 days at same doses with ip cortexin 2 mg/day for 7 days. Before and on the fourth day of the study, all subjects underwent auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) tests. At the end of fourth day, half of the subjects in all three groups were decapitated, and their cochlea were removed for histopathologic examination. On the eighth day, tests of the remaining subjects and histopathological examinations were repeated.

 

RESULTS: ABR tests on the fourth and eighth days showed elevations in the mean hearing thresholds of Groups II and III compared to Group I (p<0.05). DPOAE tests revealed a loss in emission values on the fourth and eighth days of the study compared to the baseline in Groups II and III. Comparison of Groups II with III showed that emission loss was higher in Group II at both time points, and the difference was more pronounced on the eighth day. Histopathological findings supported these tests.

 

CONCLUSION: Cortexin provide protective activity against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity.

 

Cite this article as: Eroğlu O, Karlıdağ T, Kuloğlu T, Keleş E, Kaygusuz İ, Yalçın Ş. The Protective Effect of Cortexin on Cisplatin-Induced Ototoxicity. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 28-34.

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