ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Comparison of Social Interaction between Cochlear- Implanted Children with Normal Intelligence Undergoing Auditory Verbal Therapy and Normal- Hearing Children: A Pilot Study
1 Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran  
2 Department of Speech and Language, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran  
3 Department of Otolaryngology, Cochlear Implant Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran  
4 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Implant Centrum Freiburg, University Medical Center, Freiburg, Germany  
5 Department of Speech and Language, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 34-38
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.3663
Key Words: Child, cochlear implantation, rehabilitation, social interaction
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study compared the social interaction level of 30 children with normal hearing and 30 with cochlear implants who were conveniently selected. The Raven test was administered to the both groups to ensure normal intelligence quotient. The social interaction status of both groups was evaluated using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, and statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.

 

RESULTS: After controlling age as a covariate variable, no significant difference was observed between the social interaction scores of both the groups (p>0.05). In addition, social interaction had no correlation with sex in either group.

 

CONCLUSION: Cochlear implantation followed by auditory verbal rehabilitation helps children with sensorineural hearing loss to have normal social interactions, regardless of their sex.

 

Cite this article as: Monshizadeh L, Vameghi R, Sajedi F, Yadegari F, Hashemi SB, Kirchem P, et al. Comparison of Social Interaction between Cochlear-Implanted Children with Normal Intelligence Undergoing Auditory Verbal Therapy and Normal-Hearing Children: A Pilot Study. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 35-40.

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