ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Patients Over 60 Years of Age Have Poor Prognosis in Facial Nerve Decompression Surgery with Preserved Ossicular Chain
1 Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, Tokyo, Japan  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 77-84
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.4601
Key Words: Facial palsy, Facial nerve decompression surgery, Yanagihara score, Bell’s palsy, Ramsay Hunt syndrome
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We report our retrospective study of the recovery rate of auditory ossicles preserved facial nerve decompression surgery via the transmastoid approach in cases of both an electroneurography score of <10% and a Yanagihara score of ≤8 in Bell’s palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients who we were able to follow-up for more than 6 months following the onset of palsy. The recovery rate was defined by the Japan Society for Facial Nerve Research or the Yanagihara score.

 

RESULTS: Twelve months after palsy onset, the recovery rate was 48.8% (20/41) for all patients, 65.2% (15/23) for patients with Bell’s palsy, and 27.8% (5/18) for patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Comparing the clinical efficacy of surgical treatment at 12 months after palsy onset, we observed a statistically significant effect of age. Comparing the Yanagihara scores of patients aged <60 years with those of patients aged ≥60 years revealed that patients aged ≥60 years had significant poor prognosis, particularly in patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome, which showed a very low recovery rate (14.3%). We also analyzed six other factors, but none showed statistical significance.

 

CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy of surgical treatment of Ramsay Hunt syndrome was inferior to that of Bell’s palsy, which is consistent with previous reports. There was a statistically significant difference in the Yanagihara score between patients aged <60 years and those aged ≥60 years. Particularly, patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome aged ≥60 years have a very low recovery rate.

 

Cite this article as: Kondo N, Yamamura Y, Nonaka M. Patients over 60 years of age have poor prognosis in auditory ossicles connection preserved facial nerve decompression surgery for severe peripheral facial nerve palsy of Bell’s palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 79-4.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology | Latest Update: 16.08.2018