ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Audiovestibular Loss of Function Correlates in Vestibular Schwannomas
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark  
2 University of Copenhagen, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark  
J Int Adv Otol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5500
Key Words: Hearing loss, vestibular disorders, acoustic neuroma, surgery, treatment, diagnostics
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between tumor size, hearing, and vestibular outcomes in patients with vestibular schwannomas (VSs).


MATERIALS and METHODS
: Adult patients (n=124) with unilateral extrameatal VS prior to surgery were included in the study. This was a retrospective cohort study of preoperative audiovestibular investigations including audiometry, discrimination test, caloric test, cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (c-VEMP), and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (o-VEMP).


RESULTS
: The difference between lesioned and non-lesioned ear was significant for all audiovestibular outcomes. The mean caloric deficit was 74%. No tumor sided o-VEMPs were elicited. Caloric deficit correlated with hearing loss measured with pure tone average and discrimination score. c-VEMP deficit was significantly associated with severe hearing loss and larger tumors.


CONCLUSION
: The presence of VS leads to a significant deterioration of audiovestibular function in all objective measures. Caloric test and o-VEMPS are sensitive though unspecific measures of VSs. Increasing tumor size is not directly associated with hearing loss and only somewhat to vestibular deficit. However, audiovestibular findings are correlated.


Cite this article as
: West N, Møller MN, Hansen S, Cayé-Thomasen P. Audiovestibular Loss of Function Correlates in Vestibular Schwannomas. J Int Adv Otol 2018; DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5500

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