ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Auditory and Histopathological Effects of Topical Mercurochrome Treatment in Rats with Tympanic Membrane Perforation
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Health Sciences University, İzmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey  
2 Department of Histology and Embryology, İzmir Economy University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5489
Key Words: Merbromin, rats, tympanic membrane perforation, signal-to-noise ratio, ototoxicity
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Topical treatment is first choice in the treatment of uncomplicated chronic otitis media. It was intended to assess auditory and histopathological safety of ototopical use of mercurochrome solution in rats with induced tympanic membrane perforation.


MATERIALS and METHODS
: The study was conducted on 21 female Wistar-Albino rats which were randomly assigned into 3 groups. In all rats, perforation was performed at right tympanic membrane. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) measurements were performed at frequencies of 2000, 3000 and 4000 Hz (with L1/L2: 70 /70 dB at 2f1-f2 frequency; f2/f1 ratio: 1:22) before recovery from anesthesia and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were recorded. Normal saline, 2% mercurochrome and gentamicin were given to group 1, 2 and 3 twice daily over a week, respectively. Rats were sacrificed after DPOAE measurements on day 14. Right temporal bone specimens were examined under light microscope after processing.


RESULTS
: Based on DPOAE results, there was no significant difference among groups before treatment. On day 14, significant differences were found in DPOAE measurements at 3000 and 4000 Hz, and in mean SNR values in 2% mercurochrome and gentamicin groups when compared to normal saline group while no significant difference was detected at 2000 Hz among groups. In addition, significant degeneration was detected in Corti organs, spiral ganglions and stria vascularis in groups 2 and 3.


CONCLUSION
: In this study, it was observed that mercurochrome use in external otitis and otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation could cause ototoxicity and concluded that the solution should be used cautiously.


Cite this article as
: Korkmaz S, Ceylan ME, Ceylan G, Dalgıç A, İnan S, Olgun L, et al. Auditory and Histopathological Effects of Topical Mercurochrome Treatment in Rats with Tympanic Membrane Perforation. J Int Adv Otol 2018. DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5489.

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