ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Should Nasal Function be Considered Prior to Tympanoplasty?
1 Department of Otolaryngology, Darende State Hospital, Malatya, Turkey  
2 Department of Otolaryngology, Uludağ University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey  
3 Department of Biostatistics, Uludağ University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 53-57
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2017.3624
Key Words: Nasal septum, nasal airway obstruction, Eustachian tube, tympanoplasty
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between nasal airway function and Eustachian tube (ET) functions and their impact on tympanoplasty in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM).

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: The study group (CSOM group) consisted of 33 patients scheduled to undergo tympanoplasty for CSOM. Two control groups were formed: a nasal septal deviation (NSD) group of 25 patients scheduled to undergo nasal surgery for NSD, and a control group of 25 healthy individuals with no otologic or rhinologic symptoms. ET functions were assessed tympanometrically with automatic Williams test (ETF1) and modified pressure equalization inflation-deflation test (ETF2) and nasal functions were analyzed using acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry. The patients in the CSOM group underwent tympanoplasty, and tests were repeated at the end of the 3rd postoperative month.

 

RESULTS: Both acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry revealed similar nasal function in the CSOM and NSD groups, which was inferior to that of the control group. The CSOM group had the worst ET function. Dysfunctional ETs in the CSOM group improved at 3 months postsurgery, and all groups had a similar outcome regarding ET functions. The outcome of ear surgery was not affected by nasal function, and the graft take rate was 90%.

 

CONCLUSION: Patients with NSD had generally poor ET function; however, this did not affect the outcomes of tympanoplasty. The preoperative ET function results were inconsistent with the results following tympanoplasty; therefore, they were not predictive of need for septoplasty. Thus, we do not universally recommend surgical correction of NSD prior to ear surgery; however, this decision should be made on an individual basis.

 

Cite this article as: Akyıldız MY, Özmen ÖA, Demir UL, Kasapoğlu F, Coşkun HH, Basut Oİ, et al. Should Nasal Function Be Considered Prior To Tympanoplasty? J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 55-9.

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