ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Satisfaction with Life among Mothers of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Candidates: The Impact of Implant Operation and Sociodemographic Factors
1 Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey  
2 Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Edirne Sultan I. Murat State Hospital, Edirne, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 202-207
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5531
Key Words: Pediatric sensorineural hearing loss, cochlear implant, maternal life satisfaction, occupation, emotional experience
Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the satisfaction with life among mothers of pediatric cochlear implant candidates regarding implant surgery and sociodemographic factors.


MATERIALS and METHODS
: Mothers of 160 pediatric patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss who underwent unilateral cochlear implant surgery were included. A questionnaire form with items on sociodemographic-familial characteristics and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) was employed via face-to-face interview method before and 12 months after the implant surgery.


RESULTS
: The SWLS scores significantly improved after the implant surgery [from 19.1 (7.0) to 28.9 (4.0), p<0.000]. Being unemployed vs. employed [17.9 (6.9) vs. 24.0 (5.3), p=0.000], having another child with hearing disability [13.5 (5.7) vs. 19.7 (6.9), p=0.001], younger (12–24 months) vs. older (>24 months) age of the child at the time of implant surgery [7.1 (0.4) vs. 19.7 (6.6), p=0.001], absence vs. presence of regular follow-up visits [13.0 (0.0) vs. 19.4 (7.1), p=0.002], and presence vs. absence of change in social life after the diagnosis of disease [17.3 (6.5) vs. 20.9 (7.1), p=0.001] were associated with significantly lower SWLS scores among mothers. SWLS scores were positively correlated with patient’s age at the time of implant surgery (r=0.206, p=0.009), whereas negatively correlated with the number of household members (r=−0.406, p=0.000) and number of children (r=−0.310, p=0.000).


CONCLUSION
: In conclusion, our findings revealed the association of cochlear implantation with a significant increase in mother’s life satisfaction, despite the unemployment, presence of another child with hearing disability, and crowded household. Our findings emphasize on the consideration of family systems with special attention to mother’s emotional experiences and occupational competence in the intervention programs.


Cite this article as
: Yiğit E, Edizer DT, Durna YM, Araz Altay M, Yiğit Ö. Satisfaction with Life among Mothers of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Candidates: The Impact of Implant Operation and Sociodemographic Factors. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(2): 202-7.

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