ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
The Association between Iron Deficiency and Otitis Media with Effusion
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Düzce University School of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey  
2 Department Of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Michigan, USA  
3 Clinic of Internal Medicine, Ministry of Health Atatürk Hospital, Düzce, Turkey  
4 Department of Biostatistics, Düzce University School of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey  
J Int Adv Otol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5394
Key Words: Otitis media with effusion, iron deficiency, anemia, pediatric
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this trial is to examine the clinical role of iron metabolism on development of Otitis media with effusion.


MATERIALS METHODS
: This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. The study group made up of children who had surgery for Otitis media with effusion (OME). Control group was comprised of children who had surgery by a pediatric surgeon for inguinal hernia repair or circumcision operations with normal ear nose throat examination. Each group was evaluated depending on the serum iron metabolism parameters.


RESULTS
: One-hundred-thirteen children with OME and 117 control patients were included to the study. Iron deficiency anemia was detected in 18 out of 113 patients (15.9%) in study group while there were 4 out of the 117 patients (3.4%) in control group (p:0.001).The mean hemoglobin level was 12.16 ± 1.16 in OME group and 12.93 ± 1.08 in control group (p<0.001).


CONCLUSION
: The current study shows the rate of iron deficiency anemia is higher in patients with OME than controls. Iron-deficiency anemia might be considered a potential risk factor for development of otitis media with effusion, and iron parameters should be evaluated in these children.


Cite this article as
: Akcan FA, Dündar Y, Bayram Akcan H, Cebeci D, Sungur MA, Ünlü İ. The Association between Iron Deficiency and Otitis Media with Effusion. J Int Adv Otol 2018. DOI: 10.5152/iao.2018.5394.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology | Latest Update: 16.08.2018