ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Radiological Dehiscence of the Mastoid Portion of the Facial Nerve after Posterior Tympanotomy: Does It Lead to Increased Risk of Nerve Injury?
1 Clinic of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, St. Thomas Hearing Implant Centre, Guy’s and St.Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK  
2 Department of Radiology, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK  
J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 44-47
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.009
Key Words: Cochlear implantation, nerve injury, facial, tomography, X-ray computed tomography
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to establish the frequency of postoperative bony dehiscence overlying the mastoid portion of the facial nerve after round window membranous cochleostomy using high-resolution computer tomography, and to ascertain whether this was associated with a higher incidence of facial nerve injury compared with other studies. We also evaluated the usefulness of the St Thomas’ classification in predicting the possibility of performing round window insertions.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Setting: Tertiary auditory implant centre.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: Twenty-five patients who underwent cochlear implantation at our institution, two of whom were operated on bilaterally, yielding 27 ears for analysis. We conducted submillimetric analysis of postoperative high-resolution computer tomography images to ascertain the prevalence of bony dehiscence overlying the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. The type of round window found during surgery was also determined in medical records.

 

RESULTS: We found a radiological dehiscence rate of 40%. None of the patients in our series sustained a facial palsy. We propose some possible reasons for differences between our findings and those of others. All 18 patients with a Type Ia round window, two of the three patients with a Type IIa round window, and none of the four patients with a Type III round window had a successful round window insertion. The classification was found to be a useful predictor of performing round window membranous cochleostomy.

 

 

CONCLUSION: Thinning of the bony cover of mastoid potion of the facial nerve to the point of radiological dehiscence does not put it at risk. Novice cochlear implant surgeons can therefore be reassured that unroofing the bone overlying the nerve does not pose undue danger. 

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