ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
The Caloric Test and the Video Head-Impulse Test in Patients with Vertigo
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital of Sierrallana, Torrelavega, Spain  
2 artment of Preventive Medicine, Hospital of Sierrallana, Torrelavega, Spain  
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain  
J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 144-149
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.64
Key Words: Vertigo, head-thrust test, dizziness, vestibulo-ocular reflex
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The caloric test and the video head-impulse test are diagnostic tools that examine the function of the horizontal semicircular canal. There are major differences between the two tests. These are stimulus characteristics, methodology, and function examined.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: This is a prospective work in 123 patients with different types of vestibular disease seen because of dizziness in which both procedures were performed the same day. First, the spontaneous nystagmus and head-shake nystagmus were measured. The video head-impulse test was carried out, and finally, the caloric test was performed with water at two different temperatures. Both ears were irrigated alternately. Main outcome measures were the canal paresis in the caloric test and gain of vestibulo-ocular reflex, gain asymmetry, and refixation saccades in the vHIT.

 

RESULTS: The caloric test and the vHIT results were fully coincident in 60 patients (48.7%), and the results for both were normal in 36 patients. Discrepancies were found in 3 patients regarding the deficient side, and in 14 patients, an added contralateral (according to the caloric test) abnormal result was obtained. In 46 patients, one of the tests was normal while the other was not, but both were in accordance with the diseased side. The correlation coefficient for canal paresis and gain asymmetry was 0.67, and the agreement was low: κ=0.252.

 

 

CONCLUSION: The assessment of horizontal semicircular canal function with the vHIT needs to take into consideration not only the gain in VOR but also the existence of refixation saccades. The information from both methods is redundant in some cases but complementary in most, and the existence of discrepancies is very low.

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