Audio-Vestibular Findings in Increased Intracranial Hypertension Syndrome
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Başkent University Alanya Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Başkent University Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
J Int Adv Otol ; : -
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Key Words: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, dizziness, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) can be manifested by audiological and vestibular complaints. The aim of the present study is to determine the audio-vestibular pathologies and their pathophysiologies in this syndrome by performing current audio-vestibular tests.
MATERIALS and METHODS: The study was performed prospectively on 40 individuals (20 IIH patients, 20 healthy volunteers). Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, and electronystagmography tests were performed in both groups and the results were compared.
RESULTS: The mean age of both groups was found to be 30.2±18.7. There were 11 females and 9 males in each group. The study group patients had significantly worse hearing levels. Pure tone averages were significantly higher in both ears of the study group (p<0.05). Ten patients (50%) in the study group and one healthy volunteer (5%) had pathologic ENG, possibly related to central pathologies (p=0.008). Eight patients (40%) and one (5%) control had variable abnormal VEMP records (p=0008).
Conclusion: Many IIH patients initially visit otolaryngology clinics since cochlear and vestibular systems are frequently affected in this condition. Our test results suggest inner ear pathologies in these patients. Higher incidence of inferior vestibular nerve and/or saccule dysfunction is detected as a novelty. Increased intracranial pressure may affect the inner ear with similar mechanisms as in hydrops.