The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Case Report

A Case of Vestibular Schwannoma with Deafness Showing Remarkable Hearing Recovery Following Hearing-Preserving Surgery

1.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 426-430
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.221035
Read: 758 Downloads: 400 Published: 29 September 2023

Surgery for vestibular schwannoma can be divided into hearing-preserving and nonhearing-preserving surgeries. Hearing-preserving surgery is usually not considered in patients with deafness due to vestibular schwannoma, because hearing is unlikely to improve, and surgery aims to maximize the tumor resection at the expense of hearing. We report an extremely rare case of a 46-year-old man with unilateral profound hearing loss due to a vestibular schwannoma with marked cystic degeneration in the left cistern, which significantly recovered to near-normal hearing levels after hearing-preserving surgery. Hearing loss gradually worsened, and preoperative pure-tone evaluation showed complete hearing loss in the left ear. However, the response to the distortion product otoacoustic emission was preserved, and hearing loss was considered to be retrocochlear. Tumor resection was performed using the retrolabyrinthine approach with continuous monitoring using dorsal cochlear nucleus action potential, auditory brainstem response, and facial nerve function muscle action potential. The cistern portion of the tumor was almost completely resected along with the wall. Postoperatively, the pure-tone threshold on the left side markedly improved. The present case clearly demonstrates the possibility of hearing recovery in patients with retrocochlear hearing loss. We should consider expanding the indications for hearing-preserving surgery.

Cite this article as: Sakaki Y, Hosoya M, Nishiyama T, et al. A case of vestibular schwannoma with deafness showing remarkable hearing recovery following hearing-preserving surgery. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(5):426-430.

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