The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Case Report

Acute Bacterial Meningitis and Petrous Apicitis in a Child with Aplasia Cutis Congenita: A Case Report


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE, Mangalore, India


Department of Paediatrics, KS Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE, Mangalore, India

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 355-359
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.22888
Read: 673 Downloads: 365 Published: 01 August 2023

Petrous apicitis and acute bacterial meningitis are uncommon in the present antibiotic era. The diagnosis of petrous apicitis is seldom considered unless there is cranial nerve palsy. A young child with aplasia cutis congenita presented with acute bacterial meningitis and an incidental opacified left mastoid in brain imaging. During the course, fever persisted, and high-resolution temporal bone imaging showed rapid progression to coalescent mastoiditis, petrous apicitis with erosions of tegmen tympani, and petrous apex. Other findings included bony dehiscences and thinning of left calvaria. Tympanomastoid exploration showed herniated brain and cerebrospinal fluid leak through tegmen tympani, which was closed with temporalis fascia graft. Herein, we report a rare presentation of petrous and tegmen erosion along with aplasia cutis congenita and discuss the challenges in diagnosis and management.

Cite this article as: Saldanha M, Nayar V, Anna Augustine B, Shenoy RD. Acute bacterial meningitis and petrous apicitis in a child with aplasia cutis congenita: A case report. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(4):355-359.

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