The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Analysis of Revision Surgery Following Surgical Reconstruction of the Sigmoid Sinus Wall in Patients with Pulsatile Tinnitus

1.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

2.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou, China

3.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 358-364
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21471
Read: 202 Downloads: 79 Published: 08 July 2022

BACKGROUND: To explore potential causes leading to the failure of the surgical reconstruction of sigmoid sinus wall in patients with pulsatile tinnitus.

METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed pulsatile tinnitus patients with sigmoid sinus wall dehiscence and/or sigmoid sinus diverticulum, who underwent revision surgeries following the surgical reconstruction of the sigmoid sinus wall.

RESULTS: A total of 7 pulsatile tinnitus patients were included. After the first surgery, 5 of 7 patients showed varying degrees of remission in pulsatile tinnitus, but pulsatile tinnitus gradually recurred. The other 2 patients experienced no change in pulsatile tinnitus. Images after the first surgeries revealed that the surgical failure of Patients 1-5 was caused by incompleted elimination of sigmoid sinus wall dehiscence and sigmoid sinus diverticulum. Following revision surgeries, they all acquired great or complete resolution of pulsatile tinnitus. In Patient 6, an abnormal diploic vein entering the sigmoid sinus was overlooked during the first surgery for repairing sigmoid sinus wall dehiscence. As soon as the diploic vein was blocked during the revision surgery, the patient’s pulsatile tinnitus was alleviated significantly. Patient 7 had a recurrence of pulsatile tinnitus after transient improvement following the first surgery, and still experienced no change in pulsatile tinnitus after the revision surgery. However, after venous sinus stenting in the stenosis of transverse-sigmoid sinus junction, she got complete resolution of pulsatile tinnitus. It sug- gested that the unresolved stenosis of the venous sinus was the cause of the surgical failure.

CONCLUSIONS: Both sigmoid sinus diverticulum and sigmoid sinus wall dehiscence are recommended to be resolved during surgery. Abnormal diploic veins and venous sinus stenosis are potential causes of pulsatile tinnitus.

Cite this article as: Li D, Wang G, Zeng R, et al. Analysis of revision surgery following surgical reconstruction of the sigmoid sinus wall in patients with pulsatile tinnitus. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(4):358-364.

Files
EISSN 2148-3817