The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Assessment of Hearing Function in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

1.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Health Sciences, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul , Turkey

2.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Health Sciences İstanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Social Pediatrics, Istanbul University Institute of Health Sciences, Institute of Child Health, Istanbul, Turkey

4.

Department of Pediatric Clinics, University of Health Sciences, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 362-366
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.6035
Read: 9 Downloads: 11 Published: 16 October 2020

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic pathology that affects many organ systems, appears after dysregulated immune response in genetically predisposed patients. Inner organ involvement has been shown in various autoimmune diseases because of its immunosensitivity. In this study, we aimed at showing sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) as a result of possible subclinical inflammation in patients with IBD during the remission period.

MATERIALS and METHODS: We included 32 children with IBD and 31 healthy volunteers with comparable sex and age. Detailed ear-nose-throat examination was conducted for all, and patients were excluded if they had a history of ear infectionor trauma. Thereafter, the results of pure tone audiometry (PTA), high-frequency audiometry, and distortion product otoacoustic emissions testing were compared between the groups.

RESULTS: There were no differences in terms of age, sex, and PTA values between controls and children with IBD. No statistical differences were found between responses at 250; 500; 2,000; 4,000; DP1000; DP1400; DP2000; DP2800;and DP4000 Hz as well as the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at 1,000 Hz when the controls and children with IBD (p>0.05 for all) were compared. However, the mean responses at 1,000; 8,000; 10,000; 12,500; 16,000; SNR1400; SNR2000; SNR2800; and SNR4000Hz of the children with IBD were significantly higher than those of the controls (p<0.05 for all).

CONCLUSION: Initial SNHL appears at high frequencies in pediatric patients with IBD.

Cite this article as: Polat E, Çınar Z, Keskindemirci G, Yiğit Ö, Kutluk G, Türe M, et al. Assessment of Hearing Function in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Int Adv Otol   2020; 16(3): 362-6.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817