The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Clinical Assessment of the Nystagmus Fixation Suppression Test: An Experimental Study

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

J Int Adv Otol 2024; 20: 241-246
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2024.231249
Read: 295 Downloads: 80 Published: 23 May 2024

BACKGROUND: Assessment of nystagmus fixation suppression can be used as an additional diagnostic tool for patients with an acute vestibular syndrome to distinguish between a central or peripheral cause. We investigated the ability of physicians to detect fixation suppression using a nystagmus simulation model.

METHODS: We used a nystagmus simulator to measure the accuracy of the nystagmus fixation suppression test. Fixation suppression was assessed randomly in 6170 trials by 20 otorhinolaryngologists and neurologists, segregated into 2 groups based on their neurootological experience, a beginner and an experienced group. The simulator presented random nystagmus slow velocity (SPV) reductions and presented 3 conditions with either changed nystagmus frequency, amplitude, or both.

RESULTS: The cutoff for the discernment of fixation suppression ranged from 1.2 to 14°/s nystagmus velocity difference. The more intense the baseline nystagmus was, the more difficult was the detection of fixation suppression. There was not significant difference (P > .05) in the cutoff values in the experts group compared to the novices for all 3 different conditions. Both, novices and experts, detected frequency changes easier than differences of the nystagmus amplitude. Test sensitivity was very low (19%-65%) for discernment of small nystagmus velocity differences of ≤2°/s by experts.

CONCLUSION: In our study, there was no difference between experts and novices in detection of nystagmus suppression by visual fixation. The examiners could only detect large suppression effects at low-intensity baseline nystagmus. Overall, the sensitivity and accuracy of a clinical fixation suppression test is low and the assistance with a video-oculography device is highly recommended.

Cite this article as: Siegrist S, Wyss T, Korda A, Mantokoudis G. Clinical assessment of the nystagmus fixation suppression test: An experimental study. J Int Adv Otol. 2024;20(3):241-246.

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