The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Cochlear Implant Surgery: Virtual Reality Simulation Training and Transfer of Skills to Cadaver Dissection—A Randomized, Controlled Trial

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery and Audiology, Copenhagen Hearing and Balance Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark

2.

Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES), The Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark

3.

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Denmark

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 219-224
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21429
Read: 7 Downloads: 2 Published: 01 May 2022

BACKGROUND: Cochlear implantation requires excellent surgical skills; virtual reality simulation training is an effective method for acquiring basic competency in temporal bone surgery before progression to cadaver dissection. However, cochlear implantation virtual reality simulation training remains largely unexplored and only one simulator currently supports the training of the cochlear implantation electrode insertion. Here, we aim to evaluate the effect of cochlear implantation virtual reality simulation training on subsequent cadaver dissection performance and self-directedness.

METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled trial. Eighteen otolaryngology residents were randomized to either mastoidectomy including cochlear implantation virtual reality simulation training (intervention) or mastoidectomy virtual reality simulation training alone (controls) before cadaver cochlear implantation surgery. Surgical performance was evaluated by two blinded expert raters using a validated, structured assess- ment tool. The need for supervision (reflecting self-directedness) was assessed via post-dissection questionnaires.

RESULTS: The intervention group achieved a mean score of 22.9 points of a maximum of 44 points, which was 5.4% higher than the control group’s 21.8 points (P = .51). On average, the intervention group required assistance 1.3 times during cadaver drilling; this was 41% more frequent in the control group who received assistance 1.9 times (P = .21).

CONCLUSION: Cochlear implantation virtual reality simulation training is feasible in the context of a cadaver dissection course. The addition of cochlear implantation virtual reality training to basic mastoidectomy virtual reality simulation training did not lead to a significant improvement of performance or self-directedness in this study. Our findings suggest that learning an advanced temporal bone procedure such as cochlear implantation surgery requires much more training than learning mastoidectomy.

Cite this article as: Frendø M, Frithioff A, Konge L, Cayé-Thomasen P, Sørensen MS, Andersen SAW. Cochlear implant surgery: virtual reality simulation training and transfer of skills to cadaver dissection—A randomized, controlled trial. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(3):219-224.

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