The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Review

Cochlear Implantation Outcomes in Post Synaptic Auditory Neuropathies: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

1.

University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Bigmingham, UK

2.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 411-431
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.9035
Read: 55 Downloads: 35 Published: 16 October 2020

To establish outcomes following cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with postsynaptic auditory neuropathy (AN). Systematic review and narrative synthesis. Databases searched: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Collection and ClinicalTrials.gov. No limits placed on language or year of publication. Review conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Searches identified 98 studies in total, of which 14 met the inclusion criteria reporting outcomes in 25 patients with at least 28 CIs. Of these, 4 studies focused on Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), 3 on Brown-Vialetto-Van-Laere syndrome (BVVL), 2 on Friedreich Ataxia (FRDA), 2 on Syndromic dominant optic atrophy (DOA+), 2 on Cerebellar ataxia - areflexia - pes cavus - optic atrophy - sensorineural hearing loss (CAPOS) syndrome, and 1 on Deafness-dystonia-optic neuronopathy (DDON) syndrome. All studies were Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (OCEBM) grade IV. Overall trend was towards good post-CI outcomes with 22 of the total 25 patients displaying modest to significant benefit. Hearing outcomes following CI in postsynaptic ANs are variable but generally good with patients showing improvements in hearing thresholds and speech perception. In the future, development of a clearer stratification system into pre, post, and central AN would have clinical and academic benefits. Further research is required to understand AN pathophysiology and develop better diagnostic tools for more accurate identification of lesion sites. Multicenter longitudinal studies with standardized comprehensive outcome measures including health-related quality of life data will be key in establishing a better understanding of short and long-term post-CI outcomes.

Cite this article as: Chaudhry D, Chaudhry A, Muzaffar J, Monksfield P, Bance M. Cochlear Implantation Outcomes in Post Synaptic Auditory Neuropathies: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(3): 411-31.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817