The Journal of International Advanced Otology
Original Article

Determination of Anxiety, Health Anxiety and Somatosensory Amplification Levels in Individuals with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

1.

Clinic of Ear Nose and Throat, Maslak Acibadem Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Neurology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Ear Nose and Throat, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 1; 1: 0-0
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2019.6874
Read: 28 Downloads: 6 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric comorbidities may intensify peripheral vertigo and increase the number of repositioning maneuvers required. This study was designed to examine the relationship between benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and anxiety and assess its association with somatic amplification and health anxiety.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: Sixty patients with BPPV (43 women, 17 men; age range: 24-81 years, mean age 40.4±13.3), and 60 healthy participants (29 women, 31 men; age range: 18-71, mean age 38.2±11.43) were prospectively enrolled. The participants completed the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) questionnaires.

 

RESULTS: The BAI scores of the patients with BPPV were higher than those of the control group participants and were as follows: (16.4 vs. 12.7; p=0.01). The SHAI (p=0.44) and SSAS (p=0.60) scores were not significantly different between the two groups. The BAI scores were positively correlated with the SHAI (rho: 0.273, p=0.035) and SSAS (rho: 0.357, p=0.005) scores. Neither the number of BPPV attacks nor the number of Epley maneuvers required showed any correlation with the BAI [(rho: 0.208, p=0.11); (rho: −0.007, p=0.96)], SHAI [(rho: 0.068, p=0.06); (rho: 0.021, p=0.87)], and SSAS [(rho: −0.081, p=0.53); (rho: −0.012, p=0.92)] scores.

 

CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that patients with BPPV had higher anxiety scores than healthy participants. Although our findings indicated normal health anxiety and somatic amplification levels in patients with BPPV, regular evaluation of psychological status would be a good strategy to prevent chronic dizziness.

 

Cite this article as: Özdilek A, Yalınay Dikmen P, Acar E, Ayanoğlu Aksoy E, Korkut N. Determination of Anxiety, Health Anxiety and Somatosensory Amplification Levels in Individuals with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. J Int Adv Otol 2019; 10.5152/iao.2019.6874.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817