The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Case Report

Different Audiologic Outcomes in Twins with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

1.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy

2.

Department of Audiology, Primary Care Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy

3.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

4.

Department of Diagnostic, Clinical and Public Health, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 130-133
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.6574
Read: 299 Downloads: 146 Published: 01 April 2020

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a major cause of hearing loss in children. A few cases of cCMV twin pregnancies are reported in the literature. Twins can react differently to maternal infection, but hearing loss is rarely evaluated. Two couples of twins with cCMV infection and different audiologic outcomes are reported. The first couple of twins was composed by two male twins, both affected by cCMV infection. The first born had normal hearing function, and the second born had sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). In the second couple, a male and a female twin, only the male twin was affected by cCMV infection, and both had normal hearing function. In this case series, an interesting finding was the association between the presence of viral DNA in liquor and hearing loss in one newborn. Further research is needed to better understand the pathophysiology of SNHL caused by cCMV infection.

Cite this article as: Botti C, Palma S, Federica Roversi M, Monzani D, Berardi A, Genovese E. Different Audiologic Outcomes in Twins with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(1): 130-3.

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ISSN 1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817