The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Diffusion Tensor Imaging of Auditory Pathway: A Comparison of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Candidates and Healthy Cases

1.

University of Health Sciences Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 333-341
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.22998
Read: 259 Downloads: 102 Published: 01 August 2023

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the changes that may occur in the auditory neural network in pediatric congenital hearing loss cases.

METHODS: Fifty-four cochlear implant candidates and 47 normal-hearing controls were included in this retrospective study. Fractional anisotropy, radial diffusivity, and apparent diffusion coefficient maps were generated. We placed region of interest on the cochlear nucleus, superior olivary nucleus, lateral lemniscus, medial geniculate body, auditory radiation, Heschl’s gyrus, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, superior longitudinal fascicle, and corpus callosum splenium. The area of the cochlear nerve was measured. Diffusion tensor imaging metrics, children's ages, and cochlear nerve area were compared.

RESULTS: Apparent diffusion coefficient and radial diffusivity values of patients were higher than the control group in all places except the radial diffusivity values of medial geniculate body. The fractional anisotropy values of the patients in lateral lemniscus, auditory radiation, Heschl’s gyrus, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, superior longitudinal fascicle, and corpus callosum splenium were lower than the control group. There is a positive correlation between fractional anisotropy and age in both patient and control groups for all locations. The cochlear nerve area is lower in patients (0.88 ± 0.29) than in the control group (1.18 ± 0.14) (P = .000). The cochlear nerve area has a positive correlation with age in the patient group (P = .000) but has not in the control group. The cochlear nerve area positively correlates with fractional anisotropy values of all locations except fractional anisotropy values of medial geniculate body.

CONCLUSION: The alterations of diffusion tensor imaging metrics on the auditory pathway reflect the microstructural changes of white matter tracts.

Cite this article as: Aksoy DÖ, Karagöz Y, Kaldırımoğlu KF, Baykara Ulusan M, Mahmutoğlu AS. Diffusion tensor imaging of auditory pathway: A comparison of pediatric cochlear implant candidates and healthy cases. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(4):333-341.

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