The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Effects of Button Pressing and Mental Counting on N100, N200, and P300 of Auditory-Event-Related Potential Recording

1.

National Institute of Sensory Organs, National Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan

2.

School of Engineering, Yamagata University, Yamagata, Japan

3.

Utsunomiya Hospital, Tochigi, Japan

J Int Adv Otol 2014; 10: 14-18
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2014.003
Read: 823 Downloads: 722 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the difference in the effects of button pressing and mental counting on N100, N200, and P300 in auditory event-related potential recording when target and nontarget tones are presented in an oddball paradigm.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS:  The subjects were 56 young male adults whose average age was 22.0±2 years. In this study of auditory event-related potential, 2 KHz and 1 KHz tone bursts were used as the target and nontarget stimuli, respectively. The subjects were instructed to press a button with their right thumb when the target stimuli were presented in the first session and with the left thumb in the second session, and to mentally count in the third session.

 

RESULTS: In first and second sessions, the appearance percentages of P300, N200, and N100 in response to the target stimuli were 90%, 82%, and 98%, respectively. In the third session, the appearance percentages of P300, N200, and N100 in response to the target stimuli were 30%, 40%, and 94%, respectively. The differences in the peak latency and amplitude of P300 between button pressing and mental counting were not statistically significant.

 

 

CONCLUSION: Button pressing can elicit an appearance percentage of auditory event-related potential threefold that of mental counting. N200 and P300 could reflect psychological effects but N100 could not.

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