The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Efficacy of Otoendoscopy for Residual Cholesteatoma Detection During Microscopic Chronic Ear Surgery


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium


Department of Neurosciences, Research Group Experimental Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Leuven, Belgium

J Int Adv Otol 2024; 20: 225-230
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2024.231122
Read: 321 Downloads: 97 Published: 23 May 2024

BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to determine the efficacy of otoendoscopy during microscopic cholesteatoma surgery on residual cholesteatoma rates postoperatively.

METHODS: The medical records of patients (aged 4-90) with primary acquired cholesteatoma who underwent microscopic cholesteatoma surgery (exclusively transcanal approach or canal wall-up tympano-mastoidectomy) with subsequent otoendoscopic examination (80 ears) for intraoperative cholesteatoma residues were retrospectively reviewed. All cases with mixed microscopic/endoscopic, fully endoscopic, or fully microscopic dissection were excluded, as well as cases where a canal wall-down technique was used. After microscopic cholesteatoma removal, the otoendoscope was used to inspect the middle ear recesses for intraoperative cholesteatoma residues. The intra- and postoperative cholesteatoma residue rate were evaluated.

RESULTS: On endoscopic examination, intraoperative cholesteatoma residues were encountered in 24 patients (30%). A total of 30 foci were detected. Most of them were found in the superior retrotympanum (15 foci). In 9 cases an antral remnant guided the surgeon to convert to a canal wall up tympanomastoidectomy. During the postoperative follow-up period, residual cholesteatoma was detected on postoperative magnetic resonance imaging in 6 patients (7.5%). Adding an otoendoscopic examination to microscopic cholesteatoma surgery reduced the postoperative cholesteatoma residues rate (odds ratio=0.16). A negative otoendoscopic examination led to a cholesteatoma residue-free follow-up period in 95% of cases(NPV=0.95).

CONCLUSION: Otoendoscopy is effective in identifying intraoperative cholesteatoma residues after microscopic cholesteatoma surgery. It reduces the postoperative cholesteatoma residue rate, and a negative otoendoscopic examination increases the likelihood of a cholesteatoma residue-free follow-up.

Cite this article as: Couvreur F, Loos E, Desloovere C, Verhaert N. Efficacy of otoendoscopy for residual cholesteatoma detection during microscopic chronic ear surgery. J Int Adv Otol. 2024;20(3):225-230.

EISSN 2148-3817