The Journal of International Advanced Otology
Original Article

Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Fat Grafts in the Repair of Tympanic Membrane Perforations: An Experimental Study

1.

Department of Ear Nose and Throat, Gölköy State Hospital, Ordu, Turkey

2.

Department of Pathology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey

3.

Department of Ear Nose and Throat, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicie, Eskişehir, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14: 58-62
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2017.3845
Read: 254 Downloads: 69 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to improve the success rate of fat graft myringoplasty in perforated tympanic membranes of rats.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: A total of 20 healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided into two groups. In Group 1, the left tympanic membranes were perforated and grafted with a fat graft that was harvested from the inguinal region. In Group 2, the left tympanic membranes were perforated, and a fat graft was also harvested from the inguinal region. Then, the fat was soaked in 0.5 mL PRP and grafted at the perforation. After the procedure, the rats were examined, and the graft situation was assessed at 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days. All of the rats were sacrificed 21 days after perforation, and a histopathological examination was made.

 

RESULTS: We compared fat graft histopathological and otomicroscopic findings between the groups. While we did not observe graft rejections in Group 2, we saw 1 case of graft rejection in Group 1. In the histopathological examination, PRP prevents fat graft resorption by the terms of the adipocyte area, granulation tissue area, and vacuolization area.

 

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the efficacy of fat grafts prepared with PRP on rat tympanic membranes. The fat graft with PRP did not statistically improve the success rate compared to the graft without PRP. Histopatologic findings of the study showed that PRP prevents fat graft resorption. Further studies are needed to further examine the advantages of the graft with PRP.

 

Cite this article as: Aksoy MA, Açıkalın MF, Gürbüz MK, Özüdoğru EN, Canaz F, Kaya E, et al. Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Fat Grafts in the Repair of Tympanic Membrane Perforations: An Experimental Study. J Int Adv Otol 2018; 14(1): 60-4.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817