The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Endoscopic Ear Surgery for Congenital Cholesteatoma in Children


Department of Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eulji University Medical Center, Eulji University Faculty of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 236-242
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21302
Read: 1161 Downloads: 529 Published: 01 May 2022

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ear surgery is a promising technique for removing congenital cholesteatoma in children. It can provide greater visual access to hidden areas of the middle ear and facilitate middle-ear manipulation. This study compares a single-center experience in manag- ing congenital cholesteatoma with an endoscopic approach with that in managing congenital cholesteatoma with a conventional microscopic approach.

METHODS: Records of consecutive patients aged under 8 with congenital cholesteatoma confined to the middle ear at our tertiary referral hospital from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Operation time, hospital stay, postoperative complications, and recurrence/residue of congenital cholesteatoma were compared between patients receiving microscopic versus endoscopic surgery.

RESULTS: A total of 33 pediatric patients aged from 19 months to 7 years were enrolled; 12 children underwent microscopic surgery, and 21 received an endoscopic approach for removing congenital cholesteatoma. The mean operative time was 1.61 hours for the microscopic group and 1.49 hours for the endoscopic group without statistical difference. No postoperative sensorineural hearing loss and complications were reported. Four cases of recurrence/residue were observed on the follow-up endoscopic exam or computed tomography, and no differences were shown between the 2 groups. Of the total patients, 94.7% (n=11) in the microscopic group and 90.5% (n=19) in the endoscopic group demonstrated an intact tympanic membrane without perforation or retraction after surgery. No audiological differences were reported between the 2 groups.

CONCLUSION: Endoscopic ear surgery can effectively and safely remove congenital cholesteatoma in children and is not inferior to conventional microscopic approaches.

Cite this article as: Choi Y, Kwak MY, Kang WS, Chung JW. Endoscopic ear surgery for congenital cholesteatoma in children. J Int Adv Otol.2022;18(3):236-242.

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