The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Fusion of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging and High-Resolution Computed Tomography Scan As a Preoperative Tool for Classification of Middle Ear Cholesteatoma

1.

Otolaryngology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

2.

Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

3.

Otolaryngology Department Sultan Qaboos University Hospital Muscat Oman, Alexandria, Egypt

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 507-512
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21619
Read: 162 Downloads: 59 Published: 01 November 2022

BACKGROUND: The role of imaging in cholesteatoma continues to evolve with excellent bony details provided by high-resolution computed tomography and high soft tissue identification for cholesteatoma by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The fusion of highresolution computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging combines the advantages of both imaging techniques.
METHODS: A random sample of 40 consecutive patients with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma was included in this study. Both high-resolution computed tomography of the petrous bone and non-echoplanar diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging were performed. This was followed by their fusion. Patients were classified according to The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, in cooperation with the Japanese Otological Society Joint Consensus Statement on the Definitions, Classification, and Staging of Middle Ear Cholesteatoma. All patients were operated, and the technique was tailored according to the data obtained from the preoperative fusion of computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and the intraoperative findings.
RESULTS: Patients were equally divided between males and females with a mean age of 26.8 years of which 52.5% were left-sided ears. The fusion of high-resolution computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging had a 100% sensitivity and 88.9% specificity
regarding The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, in cooperation with the Japanese Otological Society classification. On the other hand, it showed 100% specificity and 100% sensitivity for all middle ear subsites except sinus tympani which obtained 55.56% sensitivity and
100% specificity. In all patients with preoperative fusion showing cholesteatoma not reaching the mastoid antrum (30%), exclusive endoscopic approach was employed, and no postauricular incision was needed.
CONCLUSION: The fusion of high-resolution computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging images is an accurate tool for localizing cholesteatoma in various middle ear cleft subsites. This makes it a valuable tool for cholesteatoma classification and staging and surgical planning preoperatively.

Cite this article as: Galal A, ElNaggar M, Omran A, Eid M, Badr-El-Dine M. Fusion of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and highresolution computed tomography scan as a preoperative tool for classification of middle ear cholesteatoma. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(6):507-512.

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