The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Indications of and Efficacy of Facial Nerve Decompression Through Endoscopic Transcanal Approach for Patients with Traumatic Facial Paralysis

1.

Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

2.

Ear Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

3.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine on Ear and Nose Diseases, Shanghai, China

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 199-205
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.22924
Read: 1178 Downloads: 470 Published: 31 May 2023

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the indications and efficacy of facial nerve decompression through an endoscopic transcanal approach for patients with traumatic facial paralysis.

METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included 11 patients with traumatic facial paralysis from February 2018 to April 2019. We compared the facial nerve and auditory function before and after operation so as to reveal the feasibility and effect of the surgical approach.

RESULTS: All 11 patients have successfully received facial nerve decompression through endoscopic transcanal approach. Facial nerve function was objectively evaluated by electroneurography test and House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system. All patients were graded HB-VI with electroneurography ≥ 95% before surgery. The recovery of facial nerve function was good (HB-I or II) (90.9%) a year after surgery with only one case (9.1%) for HB-III. Preoperative high-resolution computed tomography showed that 1 patient had ossicular chain interruption, which was confirmed during operation. Meanwhile, 2 patients with air-bone gap >35 dBHL and whose computed tomography failed to diagnose were found with ossicular chain interruption during operation. The air-bone gap of patients with normal ossicular chain connection was all <30 dBHL.
The average air-bone gap was reduced from 27.5 ± 10.1 dBHL to 7.8 ± 3.3 dBHL after operation.

CONCLUSION: Preoperative high-resolution computed tomography combined with localization test can accurately estimate the location of facial nerve injury. Facial nerve decompression through endoscopic transcanal approach can decompress the geniculate ganglion to pyramidal segment of facial nerve, which is suitable for patients with traumatic facial paralysis of this segment. In addition, air-bone gap >35 dBHL may indicate the ossicular chain interruption when it is difficult to be completely judged by high-resolution computed tomography

Cite this article as: Shu W, Xue L, Wang Y, Wang Z. Indications of and efficacyof facial nerve decompression through endoscopic transcanal approach for patients with traumatic facial paralysis. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(3):199-205.

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