The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Influence of Changes in Bone-Conduction Thresholds on Speech Audiometry in Patients Who Underwent Surgery for Otosclerosis

1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Jagiellonian University Medical College in Kraków, Poland

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 353-357
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.8139
Read: 59 Downloads: 17 Published: 16 October 2020

OBJECTIVES: Otosclerosis is an underlying disease of the bony labyrinth that results in hearing loss. In some cases, the involvement of the bony part of the cochlea results in mixed hearing loss. The aim of this analysis was to seek a correlation between the results of speech audiometry tests and the changes in bone-conduction thresholds observed after surgical treatment.

MATERIALS and METHODS: The analysis included 140 patients who were hospitalized and surgically treated for otosclerosis. The patients who were treated with stapedotomy were divided into subgroups based on the value of the bone-conduction threshold before the surgery. An audiological assessment was performed, with pure-tone threshold audiometry and speech audiometry tests taken into account.

RESULTS: The effectiveness of the surgery was judged by the change in the speech audiometry test results after 12 months of observation. After the surgery, it was found that a significant improvement, characterized as achieving 100% understanding of speech, occurred in 61.90% of the patients.

CONCLUSION: There is a correlation between the improvement in speech audiometry tests and bone-conduction curve after stapedotomy. The changes achieved in the bone-conduction curve at the frequency range up to 3,000 Hz (hertz) had a significant impact on the improvements in speech audiometry test results. Higher frequencies provide more data for improving the hearing process. A mean bone-conduction threshold between 21 and 40 dB (decibels) in the pure-tone audiometry examination performed before surgery is a favorable prognostic factor in the improvement of the bone-conduction threshold after surgery.

Cite this article as: Wiatr A, Wiatr M. Influence of Changes in Bone-Conduction Thresholds on Speech Audiometry in Patients Who Underwent Surgery for Otosclerosis. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(3): 353-7.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817