The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Long-Term Outcome of Cochlear Implantation in Post-meningitic Deafnes

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Koç University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Audiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2021; 17: 500-507
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2021.21105
Read: 414 Downloads: 129 Published: 01 November 2021

BACKGROUND: This study was planned (1) to evaluate long-term outcome after cochlear implantation in patients with post-meningitic deafness and (2) to compare the outcome measures with patients implanted for deafness due to other causes.
METHODS: Records of 54 patients deafened as a sequel of bacterial meningitis and implanted at the largest university-based cochlear implant program in Turkey were retrospectively reviewed. Fifty-four age- and sex-matched patients with a similar interval of implant use were selected for controls. Surgical and long-term audiological outcome (in terms of categories of auditory performance-II scores) was assessed and compared.
RESULTS: Twenty-seven (52%) patients had some degree of labyrinthitis ossificans and 19 of them had full electrode insertion via basal turn cochleostomy. Patients with and without labyrinthitis ossificans in the post-meningitic group had no difference in final categories of auditory performance-II score (P=.559). Median categories of auditory performance-II scores were 6 for post-meningitic group and 7 for controls, with a significant statistical difference (P < .001). Partial or full insertions did not differ in outcome (P=.938). Mean time to implantation was not correlated with the final categories of auditory performance-II score for the post-meningitic group (P=.695).
CONCLUSION: Cochlear implant recipients deafened due to meningitis have a worse long-term hearing and speech performance as measured by categories of auditory performance-II than patients implanted for congenital deafness. The presence of labyrinthitis ossificans or the limited extent of electrode insertion produced overall results that were comparable with other cases
Cite this article as: Altuntaş OM, Özkan B, Bajin D, Sennaroğlu G, Sennaroğlu L. Long-term outcome of cochlear implantation in post-meningitic deafness. J Int Adv Otol. 2021;17(6):500-507.

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