The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Eustachian Tube and the Paratubal Structures in Patients with Unilateral Acquired Cholesteatoma

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 373-377
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.7508
Read: 47 Downloads: 16 Published: 16 October 2020

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the Eustachian tube (ET) and the paratubal structures between the two sides in subjects with unilateral acquired cholesteatoma and a healthy contralateral ear to determine if there are anatomical differences.

MATERIALS and METHODS: Of the 217 patients with cholesteatoma evaluated, 36 patients with unilateral cholesteatoma were included in the study. All of the patients had a healthy contralateral ear with no history of surgery. Nine different paratubal parameters were measured through contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The measurements of the ear with cholesteatoma were compared with those of the healthy ear.

RESULTS: The bimucosal thickness of the ET lumen, the mucosal thickness of the pharyngeal orifice, the lengths and diameters of the tensor veli palatini muscle and the levator veli palatini muscle, the diameter of the pharyngeal orifice of the ET, the diameter of the lateral pharyngeal recess mucosal thickness, and the diameter between the posterior border of the inferior nasal concha and the pharyngeal orifice of the ET were measured in MRI scans. No statistically significant difference was observed between the healthy ear and the ear with cholesteatoma for any of the parameters measured (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION: We did not observe any anatomical differences in the measurements of the ET and the paratubal structures on MRI scans. Although ET dysfunction is considered to be the leading etiologic factor in acquired cholesteatoma, the ET and the paratubal structures may not exhibit an anatomic difference between the ear with cholesteatoma and the healthy contralateral ear.

Cite this article as: Şahin MM, Sözmen Cılız D, Çayönü M, Kayalı Dinç S, Akbal Ş, Boynueğri S, et al. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Eustachian Tube and the Paratubal Structures in Patients with Unilateral Acquired Cholesteatoma. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(3): 373-7.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817