The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Management of Acquired Atresia of the External Auditory Canal

1.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2015; 11: 147-150
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2015.461
Read: 547 Downloads: 165 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate surgical techniques and their relationship to postoperative success rate and hearing outcomes in acquired atresia of the external auditory canal.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: In this article, 24 patients with acquired atresia of the external auditory canal were retrospectively evaluated regarding their canal status, hearing, and postoperative success.

 

RESULTS: Acquired stenosis occurs more commonly in males with a male: female ratio of 2–3:1; it seems to be a disorder affecting young adults. Previous ear surgery (13 patients, 54.2%) and external ear trauma (11 patients, 45.8%) were the main etiological factors of acquired ear canal stenosis. Mastoidectomy (12/13) and traffic accidents (8/11) comprise the majority of these etiological factors. Endaural incision is performed in 79.2% and postauricular incision for 20.8% of cases during the operation. As types of surgical approach, transcanal (70.8%), transmastoid (20.8%), and combined (8.4%) approaches are chosen. The atretic plate is generally located at the bony–cartilaginous junction (37.5%) and in the cartilaginous canal (33.3%); the bony canal is involved in a few cases only. Preserved healthy canal skin, split- or full-thickness skin grafts, or pre- or postauricular skin flaps are used to line the ear canal, but preserved healthy canal skin is preferred.

 

 

CONCLUSION: The results of surgery are generally satisfactory, and complications are few if surgical principles are followed.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817