The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Optimizing the Measurement of 0.5-kHz Cubic Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission

1.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, Fujian The Affiliated Mindong Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Mindong Hospital, Ningde, China

2.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Shandong, China

3.

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology (Communication Sciences and Disorders), University of Alberta Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Alberta, Canada

4.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, Saint Louis University, USA

5.

Central Laboratory, Ningde Teacher College, Ningde, China

6.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, The Third Hospital of Peking University, Beijing, China

7.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, Zerong County Hospital, China

8.

Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, The University of Alberta Hospital Faculty of Medicine, Alberta, Canada

9.

Department of Communication Disorders, Louisiana State University Health Sci Center, New Orleans, USA

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 471-477
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21639
Read: 161 Downloads: 59 Published: 01 November 2022

BACKGROUND: The measurement of low-frequency cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission, for example, 0.5-kHz cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission, is often severely affected by background noise, and currently 0.5-kHz cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission is not commonly applicable in clinical setting.
METHODS: The fundamental part of current study was the optimization of recording technology to reduce noise interference with the measurement of 0.5-kHz cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission and to establish the response patterns of cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission across speech frequencies from 0.5 to 8kHz in the presence of normal hearing and noise-induced hearing loss.
RESULTS: After a series of optimization, a clinically applicable technology of measuring 0.5-kHz cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission was successfully completed via animal model. Cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission was recorded in 6 guinea pigs across speech frequencies from 0.5 to 8kHz before and after exposure to white bandnoise between 0.5 and 2 kHz. After noise exposure, significant reduction in the signal-to-noise ratio of cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission was found at 0.5 and 2 kHz, indicating our recording technology was sensitive and accurate. Other interesting finding was the reduction in cubic distortion product otoacoustic emiss ion-s ignal -to-n oise ratio at 4 and 6 kHz although the reduction was not statistically significant probably because of short exposure time. The result implied that the damaging effect induced by low-frequency noise exposure might spread upward to high-frequency region.
CONCLUSIONS: Our recording technology was stable and reliable and had the great potentiality to be used in clinical setting.

Cite this article as: Yu Y, Liu J, Antisdel J, et al. Optimizing the measurement of 0.5-kHz cubic distortion product otoacoustic emission. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(6):471-477.

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