The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Predictors of Conservative Treatment Outcomes for Adult Otitis Media with Effusion


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 248-252
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.8091
Read: 2450 Downloads: 939 Published: 28 July 2020

OBJECTIVES: Conservative treatments are usually the preferred choices for newly diagnosed adult otitis media with effusion (OME). This study was performed to explore the efficacy of conservative treatments, including medication and eustachian tube auto-inflation (ETA), for treating OME in adults and to analyze its predictors.

MATERIALS and METHODS: A total of 107 adult patients with OME were included. All patients completed two weeks of conservative treatments including medication alone or the combination of medication and ETA.

RESULTS: The numbers of patients with only one and both ears affected were 79 and 28, respectively, and therefore, 135 affected ears were included. After treatment, 75 affected ears were classified as responders (55.6%), while 60 ears were classified as nonresponders (44.4%). Four predictive factors, including age, air-bone gap (ABG), tubomanometry value (TMM), and the treatment plan (all p<0.05) were found in treatment outcomes. Patients with age ≤50 years (vs. age>50 years), ABG <17 dB (vs. ABG≥17dB), TMM values of 2-6 (vs. TMM values of 0-1), and patients who received combined treatments, including medication and ETA (vs. patients who received medication only), were more likely to be responders (all p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: For OME in adult patients, younger age, smaller ABG, higher TMM value, and combined treatment including medication and ETA are good predictors for treatment success. 

Cite this article as: Zhong Z, Zhang J, Ren L, Liu Y, Zhen Z, Xiao S. Predictors of Conservative Treatment Outcomes for Adult Otitis Media with Effusion. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(2): 248-52.

EISSN 2148-3817