The Journal of International Advanced Otology
Original Article

Prevalence and Severity of Tinnitus in Otosclerosis: Preliminary Findings from Validated Questionnaires

1.

Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, World Hearing Center, Warsaw, Poland

J Int Adv Otol 2019; 15: 277-282
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2019.5512
Read: 140 Downloads: 42 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

 

OBJECTIVES: In addition to progressive hearing loss, subjective tinnitus is one of the primary symptoms of the otosclerosis development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of preoperative tinnitus among a group of consecutive adult patients with otosclerosis, using standardized research tools.

 

MATERIALS and METHODS: The study included 157 cases of clinical otosclerosis (106 women, 51 men). All patients were tested using pure-tone audiometry. The preoperative prevalence and severity of tinnitus were tested using three validated questionnaires: The Tinnitus and Hearing Survey (THS-POL), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI-POL), and Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI-Pl).

 

RESULTS: Preliminary results showed that 107 of 157 patients with otosclerosis (68.2%) had preoperative tinnitus. Of them, 51 (47.7%) had unilateral tinnitus (in the ear that qualified for stapes surgery), and 56 (52.3%) had bilateral tinnitus. The THS results showed that for 23.4% patients, tinnitus was a problem equal to or greater than hearing loss. The average result of the TFI-Pl questionnaire was 31.6 points, and for THI-POL, it was 38.6 points, indicating that preoperative tinnitus was moderately severe. The statistical analysis did not reveal a correlation between the tinnitus severity and audiometric results (p>0.05). The severity of tinnitus did not differ significantly between men and women (p>0.05), although the TFI-Pl and THI-POL questionnaires indicated that the tinnitus severity generally increased with age in women, while it decreased in men.

 

CONCLUSION: This is a scientific study conducted to evaluate the prevalence and severity of preoperative tinnitus in Polish patients with otosclerosis, using three validated questionnaires.

 

Cite this article as: Skarżyński PH, Dziendziel B, Gos E, Włodarczyk E, Maiśkiewicz B, Rajchel JJ, Skarżyński H. Prevalence and Severity of Tinnitus in Otosclerosis: Preliminary Findings from Validated Questionnaires. J Int Adv Otol 2019; 15(2): 277-82.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817