The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Case Report

Primary Bilateral Tuberculous Otitis Media After Kidney Transplantation: A Case Report

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea

2.

Department of Pathology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 440-443
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.231158
Read: 874 Downloads: 446 Published: 29 September 2023

We report a case of primary bilateral tuberculous otitis media in a patient who underwent kidney transplantation. This case presents unusual clinical features and histopathology from those of classical tuberculous otitis media. A 75-year-old woman presented at the clinic with purulent ear discharge and hearing loss in both ears. She had undergone kidney transplantation 6 years prior and had been taking immunosuppressant medications. Otoscopic examination and imaging studies suggested acute otitis media, which was irresponsive to antibiotics. The patient underwent surgery to eradicate the disease, and histopathologic examination revealed multifocal granulomas with Langhans giant cells without caseous changes. Ziehl–Neelsen staining and polymerase chain reaction confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculous otitis media. While tuberculous otitis media is a very rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, this case is more noteworthy in that it occurred as a primary infection rather than as a reactivation of a prior infection. In addition, it did not show the classical triad of clinical manifestations, which occurred bilaterally, and its histopathology was different from those of classical tuberculous otitis media. This case presents a new clinical variation in tuberculous otitis media.

Cite this article as: Lee JM, Jung K-W, Kim K-W, Lee G, Kim HS. Primary bilateral tuberculous otitis media after kidney transplantation: A case report. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(5):440-443.

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