The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

The Effect of Collagen Viscoelastoplasiticty on Reissner’s Membrane Displacement: A Graphic Analysis

1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Columbia University, New York City, USA

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 96-99
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21415
Read: 436 Downloads: 101 Published: 01 March 2022

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of collagen viscoelastoplasticity on the bulge displacement of Reissner’s membrane that is observed in endolymphatic hydrops and Meniere’s disease. METHODS: Viscoelastoplastic load–deformation characteristics for Reissner’s membrane were based on a reported collagen polymer model of the cochleo-saccular membranes. The projected bulge displacements of Reissner’s model membrane at key distention points were quantified trigonometrically and plotted graphically.
RESULTS: Initial deformation is characterized by a membrane laxity with substantial stretch at low tension with projected bulge displacement of Reissner’s membrane approaching 30%. Intermediate deformation is characterized by a linear membrane stiffness with projected bulge displacement of Reissner’s membrane in the range of 30-40%. Terminal deformation is characterized by reduced stiffness with a disproportionate increase in membrane stretch with projected bulge displacement of Reissner’s membrane reaching a critical value of 50%, indicating a hemi-circular profile with imminent risk of rupture.
CONCLUSION: This collagen model of membrane viscoelastoplasticity demonstrates that at low pressure significant degrees of bulge displacement up to 30% can occur that may be reversible. The narrower 30-40% range of membrane displacement is one of the increasing deformity but without risk of rupture. Greater displacements approaching 50% indicate that the membrane is reaching a critical hemi-circular configuration with impending rupture.
Cite this article as: Pender DJ. The effect of collagen viscoelastoplasiticty on reissner’s membrane displacement: A graphic analysis. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(2):96-99.

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