The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Uncovering Novel Prognostic Factors of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss by Whole-Genome Sequencing of Cell-Free DNA

1.

Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

2.

Allergy Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, China

3.

Institute of Antibody Engineering School of Laboratory Medicine and Biotechnology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

J Int Adv Otol 2022; 18: 459-464
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2022.21493
Read: 302 Downloads: 120 Published: 01 November 2022

BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a common disease with several etiologic hypotheses, such as infection, vascular occlusion, inflammation, oxidative stress, etc. Studies have reported that the concentration of cell-free DNA in plasma will elevate in these situations. Former studies have reported that the whole-genome sequencing of cell-free DNA has high accuracy and sensitivity in inferring gene expressions. In this study, we plan to use the whole-genome sequencing of cell-free DNA to uncover novel prognostic factors of sudden sensorineural hearing loss and provide new insight into the clinical application of cell-free DNA.
METHODS: In this study, 84 sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients (47 in recovery group and 37 in no-recovery group) were enrolled. After whole-genome sequencing of the cell-free DNA, the protein–protein interaction network was constructed using the differentially expressed genes. Multinomial logistics regression analysis was used to analyze the prognostic factors of hearing improvement.
RESULTS: In this study, we found distinct patterns of expressed and unexpressed genes in cell-free DNA sequence read depth coverage in sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients. The top centrality hub genes IGF1, NOTCH1, APOE, FAM3C, RPS6KB1, and RELB were identified from the protein–protein interaction network. Multinomial logistics regression analysis demonstrated that the coverage patterns of 3 key differentially expressed genes (NOTCH1, APOE, and RELB) are significantly different in sudden sensorineural hearing loss with and without hearing recovery.
CONCLUSION: The cell-free DNA could have more applications in diverse diseases, and the coverage patterns of 3 differentially expressed genes (NOTCH1, APOE, and RELB) are independent prognostic factors of sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Their expression levels may play a critical role in the hearing improvement of sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients.

Cite this article as: Yang A, Liu S, Yang X, et al. Uncovering novel prognostic factors of sudden sensorineural hearing loss by whole-genome sequencing of cell-free DNA. J Int Adv Otol. 2022;18(6):459-464.

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