ISSN 1308-7649 | E-ISSN 2148-3817
Original Article
Ossicular Chain Lesions in Tympanic Perforations and Chronic Otitis Media without Cholesteatoma
1 Department of Ear Nose Throat, University of Torino, Torino, Italy  
J Int Adv Otol 2015; 11: 143-146
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2015.858
Key Words: Chronic otitis, tympanic perforation, ossicular chain, hearing loss

OBJECTIVE: The first aim was to determine the prevalence, kind, and functional effects on hearing of ossicular chain suffering (OCS) in chronic otitis without cholesteatoma (NCOM) and tympanic perforations (TP). The second aim was to correlate the findings with clinical parameters and hearing level.


MATERIALS and METHODS: The study group comprised 250 consecutive patients affected by NCOM and who were subjected to tympanoplasty and never operated on before. Each patient underwent preoperative pure tone audiometry. Ossicles were evaluated during surgery. The incidence of OCS in NCOM was reported in 15–62% of the patients.


RESULTS: Ossicular chain suffering was found in 26 out of the 250 patients included in the overall sample (10%). It was found in 7% of the patients affected by TP without otorrhea and in 19% of the patients affected by chronic ear discharge with drum perforation. OCS was found most frequently in posterior eardrum perforations and in patients with bilateral disease. The incus was the ossicle most frequently interested by resorption (92% of the patients). The air conduction threshold and air bone gap were more impaired in NCOM than in TP. 


CONCLUSION: Ossicular chain damages in patients with non-cholesteatomatous middle ear pathologies are not frequent and are present in no more than 10% of the patients, but lesions found were similar to those reported in patients with cholesteatoma. Otorrhea, posterior perforation, and bilateral disease can be considered as good predictors of OCS. 

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