The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life in Patients with Cochlear Implant: A Case-Control Study

1.

Department of Psychiatry, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2023; 19: 81-86
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2023.22774
Read: 1014 Downloads: 355 Published: 01 March 2023

BACKGROUND: It is known that there is a relationship between hearing loss, which is an important cause of disability, psychological symptoms, and low quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the anxiety, depression levels, and quality of life analysis of adults with postlingual hearing loss and who have undergone cochlear implants and to compare them with the data of subjects who have never had a hearing loss.

METHODS: The prospective controlled clinical study included 53 subjects who had cochlear implants and 52 healthy controls in terms of hearing. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Short Form 36 were filled by all subjects to investigate their depression, anxiety, and quality of life levels.

RESULTS: The mean age of subjects was 42.88 ± 18.04, and 44% (23) were women. There was no significant difference between the study and control groups in terms of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores. Short Form 36 physical role (P = .018) and SF-36 general health (P = .014) in quality of life assessment sub-scores were statistically significantly higher in the study group than in the control group. When the correlation between the time elapsed after surgery and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores and Short Form 36 scores was evaluated, no significance was observed.

CONCLUSION: The fact that the patients evaluated after cochlear implant surgery had similar depression and anxiety levels and quality of life as the controls, and even physical role and being significantly better in general health compared to the controls reveal the importance of regaining the hearing ability.

Cite this article as: Yeni Elbay R, Bakıcı B, Kalcıoglu MT. Depression, anxiety, and quality of life in patients with cochlear implant: A case-control study. J Int Adv Otol. 2023;19(2):81-86.

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