The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Magnetic Resonance 3D Measurement of the Endolymphatic Space in 100 Control Human Subjects

1.

Inui ENT Clinic, Nara, Japan

2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan

3.

PixSpace. Ltd., Fukuoka, Japan

J Int Adv Otol 2021; 17: 536-540
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2021.21317
Read: 182 Downloads: 69 Published: 16 December 2021

Three Dimensional-magnetic resonance imaging of the inner ear endolymphatic space was performed in 100 control human subjects. Ear endolymphatic space was visualized using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging with intravenous gadolinium injection. The images were acquired on a 3-tesla magnetic resonance scanner using a 32-channel array head coil for all patients. The ear endolymphatic space and total fluid space volumes of the inner ear, cochlea, and vestibule were measured, and the ear endolymphatic space in the cochlea and vestibule was classified into four categories. The cochlea categories were: c-1, no ear endolymphatic space; c-2, ear endolymphatic space visualized only until the upper turn; c-3, ear endolymphatic space visualized from the upper turn to the second turn; and c-4, ear endolymphatic space visualized up to the basal turn. The vestibule categories were: v-1, no ear endolymphatic space; v-2, ear endolymphatic space visualized only in the utriculus; v-3, ear endolymphatic space visualized in the utriculus and sacculus separately; and v-4, ear endolymphatic space visualized in the utriculus and sacculus together. The mean TFS volumes of the inner ear, cochlea, and vestibule were 282.1 ± 33.2 µL, 112.9 ± 15.9 µL, and 69.1 ± 9.9 µL, respectively, and that of the ampulla of the posterior semicircular canal was 7.8 ± 1.7 µL. The mean ear endolymphatic space/total fluid space volume ratio in the cochlea was 10.3 ± 6.7% and that in the vestibule was 17.3 ± 12.2%. This ratio in the cochlea was between the results of categories c-1 and c-2 and that in the vestibule between those of categories v-2 and v-3. Two subjects had ear endolymphatic space extending from the vestibule to the posterior non-ampullated crus of the lateral semicircular canal. These findings can be applied as standard reference values for further research.
Cite this article as: Inui H, Kitahara T, Ito T, Sakamoto T. Magnetic resonance 3D measurement of the endolymphatic space in 100 control human subjects. J Int Adv Otol. 2021;17(6):536-540.

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