The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Review

Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Patients with Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

1.

University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Bigmingham, UK

2.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 456-462
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.9025
Read: 55 Downloads: 32 Published: 16 October 2020

Establish outcomes following cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome (JLNS). Methods Systematic review and narrative synthesis. Databases searched on Medline, Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Collection and ClinicalTrials.gov. No limits placed on language or year of publication. Review conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Searches identified 63 abstracts and 19 full texts. Of these, 9 studies met inclusion criteria reporting outcomes in 66 patients with at least 72 implants. Hearing outcomes were generally good. Mortality secondary to cardiac complications within the follow up period occurred in at least five cases (7.6%), though three of these were thought to be unrelated to surgery. Potentially dangerous arrhythmias without associated morbidity were also noted in at least five patients. The methodological quality of included studies was modest, predominantly consisting of case reports and non-controlled case series with small numbers of patients. All studies were OCEBM grade IV. One study contributed 41/66 patients (62%). Hearing outcomes following CI in JLNS are generally good with the majority of patients experiencing useful hearing improvement. Significant peri-operative cardiac risks exist and should be discussed with the patient and family during pre-operative counselling and prompt thorough investigation, pre-operative optimisation and peri-operative monitoring.

Cite this article as: Metcalfe C, Muzaffar J, Monksfield P, Bance M. Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Patients with Jervell and Lange-Nielsen Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(3): 456-62.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817