The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Case Report

Successful Cochlear Implantation in the Face of Persistent Stapedial Artery: Surgical Technique and Imaging Features

1.

Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, USA

2.

KY Hearing Clinic, Kentucky, USA

3.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA

J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16: 463-466
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2020.8964
Read: 53 Downloads: 26 Published: 16 October 2020

The stapedial artery is an embryologic structure that very rarely persists into adulthood. Termed the persistent stapedial artery (PSA), it is most often asymptomatic, identified retrospectively, and can complicate middle ear surgery. A 70-year-old woman presented with profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and elected to undergo cochlear implantation. During surgery, a pulsatile, cord-like structure was found obscuring the round window niche. A high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging review confirmed PSA diagnosis. A cochleostomy was made using a cochleostomy burr and gentle vessel compression. Complete insertion of the cochlear implant was achieved and its placement confirmed. The patient went on to develop open-set discrimination. We report the first successful case of cochlear implantation in the face of a PSA. Inverted HRCT imaging was found to enhance PSA visualization and may aid preoperative diagnosis. A cochleostomy technique is recommended for electrode insertion to minimize the risk of bleeding.

Cite this article as: Lindemann TL, Austin KL, Gadre AK. Successful Cochlear Implantation in the Face of Persistent Stapedial Artery: Surgical Technique and Imaging Features. J Int Adv Otol 2020; 16(3): 463-6.

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ISSN1308-7649 EISSN 2148-3817