The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

Temporary Unilateral Caloric Vestibular Stimulation Affects Balance and Gait Control During Walking in Healthy Young Adults

1.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tazuke Kofukai Medical Research Institute, Kitano Hospital, Ougimachi, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan

2.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate of School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

3.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate of School of Medicine, Kumamoto University, Honjo, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan

J Int Adv Otol 2021; 17: 255-259
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2021.9128
Read: 77 Downloads: 21 Published: 31 May 2021

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the individual differences and factors affecting balance and gait control during walking (i.e., dynamic equilibrium) in healthy young adults subjected to unilateral caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS).

METHODS: Sixty-six participants completed questionnaires related to motion sickness. All participants were subjected to the head-up tilt test
(HUT), which assesses orthostatic dysregulation, followed by inner ear stimulation with cold water (20°C) for 60 s. Subsequently, all participants performed a 6 m walking test with their eyes open.

RESULTS: CVS resulted in horizontal nystagmus. The measured distance of sway from the centerline on the goal line ranged from 0 to 600 cm. Both motion sickness and orthostatic dysregulation (OD) were associated with the distance of sway from the centerline.

CONCLUSIONS: Autonomic dysfunction affects the dynamic equilibrium and might cause individual gait differences. Further study is warranted to quantify the autonomic function and clarify individual variations in dynamic equilibrium, after unilateral CVS.

Cite this article as: Miwa T. Temporary unilateral caloric vestibular stimulation affects balance and gait control during walking in healthy young adults. J Int Adv Otol. 2021;17(3):255-259.

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