The Journal of International
Advanced Otology
Original Article

The Effect of Allantoin on Chronic Perforation of Rat Tympanic Membrane

1.

Department of ENT, Kayseri City Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

2.

Department of Pathology, Kayseri City Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

J Int Adv Otol 2021; 17: 251-254
DOI: 10.5152/iao.2021.8882
Read: 99 Downloads: 26 Published: 31 May 2021

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of topical allantoin application on wound healing in a rat chronic tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) model.

METHODS: A chronic TMP model was established with 25 healthy, female, 6-month-old, Sprague Dawley rats with chemical damage (trichloroacetic acid 50%). The rats were randomly assigned into 3 groups as follows: Group 1 (10 rats, 20 ears) was administered intratympanic (IT) 20 μL/day 0.57% allantoin solution 7 times, every other day; Group 2 (5 rats, 10 ears) received no substance; Group 3 (10 rats, 20 ears) received IT 20 μl/day distilled water 7 times, every other day. After tympanic membrane (TM) examination with an otoendoscope, histopathological examination of the TM was performed to evaluate neutrophil activity, chronicity, histiocytes, keratin accumulation, subepithelial edema, congestion, fibroblast proliferation, neovascularization, and tympanic membrane thickness.

RESULTS: Two TM perforations, 1 in Group 1 and 1 in Group 3, were not healed whereas TM perforations in 48 ears demonstrated closure at the end of the study. According to the histopathological examination, neutrophil activity and fibroblast proliferation were significantly higher in Group 1. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of other histopathological parameters.

CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the effect of allantoin in an experimental chronic TMP model. According to the histopathological findings, allantoin may have positive effects on the wound healing process of chronic TMP.

Cite this article as: Ünsal N, Bayram A, Akay E, Yaşar M. The effect of Allantoin on chronic perforation of rat tympanic membrane. J Int Adv Otol. 2021;17(3):251-254.

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